Montessori, Maria


Montessori, Maria
(1870–1952)
   One of the 20th century’s most famous and innovative educational theorists, Maria Montessori was born in Ancona (The Marches). The so-called Montessori method, which has been used in experimental schools all over the world and has had a huge impact on curricular and school reform in all advanced industrial countries, prizes the use of didactic materials that spontaneously awaken the curiosity of young children and also incite them to learn. It was thus in opposition to the highly disciplined and teacher-centered methods common in the early part of the 20th century. Children taught by the Montessori method are encouraged to read, write, and develop spatial skills at a very early age. This aspect of the method has led to criticism from educational progressives, who believe that early education should allow children to adjust to their environment and experience rather than fostering precocious academic achievement. As one would expect from someone who put so much emphasis on free inquiry and curiosity, Montessori was no friend of the Fascist regime. Rather than endure the dictatorship, she left Italy and eventually established herself permanently in the Netherlands. She died near The Hague in 1952.
   See also Women.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • Montessori, Maria — born Aug. 31, 1870, Chiaravalle, near Ancona, Italy died May 6, 1952, Noordwijk aan Zee, Neth. Italian educator. Montessori took a degree in medicine (1894) and worked in a clinic for retarded children before going on to teach at the University… …   Universalium

  • Montessori, Maria — ► (1870 1952) Pedagoga italiana. El contacto con los niños deficientes le llevó a utilizar con los normales los métodos de Itard y Séguin. El método se basa en el uso de material autoeducativo para que el niño llegue a descubrir por sí mismo las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Montessori,Maria — Mon·tes·so·ri (mŏn tĭ sôrʹē, sōrʹē), Maria. 1870 1952. Italian physician and educator who proposed a method of teaching young children that stresses the development of initiative and natural abilities. * * * …   Universalium

  • Монтессори Мария / Montessori, Maria — (1870 1952). Монтессори использовала свою научную подготовку для выработки универсальных принципов новой педагогики и создания для нее специальных методов и учебных материалов …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Montessori — Montessori, Maria …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Montessori-Pädagogik — Die Montessoripädagogik ist eine von Maria Montessori im Jahre 1906 eingeführte Bildungs Methodik und Bildungsphilosophie für Kindergärten und Schulen. Die Montessoripädagogik beruht auf offenem Unterricht im Gegensatz zur geschlossenen Methode,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Montessori-Schule — Die Montessoripädagogik ist eine von Maria Montessori im Jahre 1906 eingeführte Bildungs Methodik und Bildungsphilosophie für Kindergärten und Schulen. Die Montessoripädagogik beruht auf offenem Unterricht im Gegensatz zur geschlossenen Methode,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maria Montessori — Born August 31, 1870(1870 08 31) Chiaravalle (Ancona), Italy Died May 6, 1952 …   Wikipedia

  • María Montessori — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda María Montessori Maria Montessori …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maria Montessori — Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español


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